The pharmaceutical industry finds, develops, manufactures, and sells pharmaceuticals or medical drugs to the public for the purpose to either cure them or treat them to relieve the symptoms of their diseases. Pharmaceutical firms can deal in either pharmaceutical products such as chemical compounds in tablets, capsules, ointments, powders, fluids, solutions, injectables, and other pharmaceutical preparations, drugs, and devices.
They can also deal in medical supplies, equipment, instruments, therapeutic and diagnostic materials, and drug supplies.
The latter can include drugs, capsules, pills, oils, suppositories, oral medications, injectables, inhalers, drug components and related products, medical devices, medical supplies safety equipment, and labeling and packaging materials used in the production of pharmaceuticals.
Pharmaceutical companies can manufacture and produce various dosage forms of medications, both over the counter and by prescription. Some of these products are single-ingredient medications and multivitamins; the latter contain more than one main ingredient. The most common dosage forms of medications manufactured by pharmaceuticals are per pill, per capsule, per teaspoon, and milligrams of each.
In United States, the major sectors contributing to the pharmaceutical industry are biotechnology and chemical manufacturing industries.
Biotechnology industries are mainly concerned with producing new drugs from genetic sources and engineered organisms. Chemical industries manufacture medicines by means of chemical processes in a controlled environment. The United States alone manufactures more than ninety percent of the world’s total pharmaceutical products. The other countries that produce significant pharmaceutical products are Japan, China, India, Europe, Korea, and Pakistan.